Slip & Fall Accidents
In general terms, “slip and fall” accidents refer
to situations where a person is injured by slipping, or tripping, and falling
due to a dangerous condition on the premises. Such falls can happen inside or
outside a building, and be caused by such conditions as bad flooring, wet floors,
poorly lighted steps, or, in the case of outdoor accidents, weather-related
or hidden hazards. An icy patch outside a door or a crack or pothole can be
the cause of a slip and fall in a parking lot, for instance.
All slip and fall accidents are covered by negligence law and deal with the
concept of premises liability. Property owners have a “duty of care”
to see that their property is safe. This includes insuring that the building
has no structural defects that could cause an accident, both inside and out.
In some states the property owner may also have a duty to reduce problem areas
caused by weather. Structural defects can include: loose floor mats, rugs, or
tiles; water on the floor; poorly lit stairs or steps; cracks or holes in sidewalks
or parking lots. Weather-related hazards may include standing water and icy
spots. A plaintiff or claimant also has a duty to exercise reasonable care,
so if any action of yours contributed to the accident, you may share in the
If you experience a slip and fall accident, you should try to
determine what made you fall and if it could have been anticipated and prevented.
If anyone saw you fall, be sure you get the names and addresses of all witnesses.
Try to note the conditions in the area – was the lighting poor, was there
some substance that made you slip. If you did slip because of something on the
floor, try to obtain a sample. Also, try to get pictures of the area. Report
any such accident to the manager or owner and insist that they make a record
It is your responsibility to prove that a hazard existed and
that it was the cause of your accident.
Personal Injury Damages
Types of Damages
Types of Compensatory Damages
Amount of Damages
Factors Affecting Amount of Damages Awarded
Comparative and Contributory Negligence
Home Safety Council